Arthritis - Details

arthrose1 Definition
Arthritis is a joint disease, whereby the smooth, articular surface of the cartilage is increasingly damaged and ultimately destroyed. It eventually leads so painful loss of function of the affected joint. Instabilities can also occur as a result: the pain-related and subsequently withered muscles around the joint cannot perform adequately and the loss of cartilage in the joint can cause an additional increase in laxity.

Frequently, the arthritis comes and goes in bursts, with particularly intense pain alternates with rather tolerable intervals.

With (abacterial) arthritis, however, it is a rheumatic disease, which emanates from the inflamed mucous membrane of the joint, to the inner lining of each joint.

Arthritic Course



In the context of physical ageing of the cartilage, there is a decrease in water content, the fibrous cartilage (collagen fibres) take the upper hand and the quality of the cartilage is reduced. Normal everyday stresses can now lead to 'overloading' of the joint. Even after an accident with broken bones, we often observe the formation of joint wear: after a fracture, the bones grow together wrong so that a false position or a step formation in the joint surface is present. This inevitably leads to excessive strain and arthritis is inevitable.

At first pain occurs with movement as well as stress-related situations. This eventually merges into a calm and constant pain. The function of the joint becomes limited; there will be tension, stiffness and restricted movement to be observed. Swelling and joint effusion with joint deformations can occur, further instability, and the join can be heard cracking and creaking. The inter conditioned joint muscle weakens relentlessly, painful tension result in the failing of the muscles.


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